|Cell Wall: Gram Positive||Shape: Cocci|
|Biochemistry: Catalase Negative||Metabolism: Microaerophilic|
|Streptococcal subclassification: Group B, beta-hemolytic|
- Antiphagocytic capsule
- S. agalactiae, more popularly known as "Group B Streptococcus (GBS)", primarily affects neonates who acquire the infection as they pass through the birth canal during delivery i.e. (Mother-to-Child Transmission). The organism is a part of the normal vaginal flora in a third of women. FYI: All women are now screened for GBS colonization in their rectovaginal mucosa during the third trimester and if positive are treated with antibiotics immediately prior to delivery, an intervention that has been shown to reduce rates of neonatal sepsis.
- Possible Pathologies
- Empirical treatment of neonatal sepsis must also cover E. coli and Listeria in addition to GBS and thus typically involves ampicillin and gentamicin.