|Genome: RNA Virus, Positive ssRNA Virus||Structure: Nonenveloped Virus, Icosahedral Virus|
- Coxsackie Viruses are a family of related viruses which can cause a variety of pathologies in humans. Although the clinical consequences of specific viruses often overlap, two basic groupings of Coxsackie Viruses have been described, A and B.
- In most cases, infection with coxsackie viruses is subclinical; however, the following clinical syndromes may also results.
- Aseptic Meningitis
- Both Group A and Group B viruses are an extremely common cause of asceptic meningitis. Fever together with meningismus are common signs along with a lymphocytic CSF pleocytosis. Progression to encephalitis is rare but can occur.
- Upper Respiratory Infection
- Both groups of coxsackie viruses are thought to be a fairly frequent causes of the common cold.
- Skin Rash
- Both groups of coxsackie viruses are frequent causes of exanthems especially in children and can manifest in a variety of gross morphologies depending on the specific virus.
- This self-limited syndrome is caused primarily by Group A viruses and is characterized by fever and a pharyngitis with visible grey-ish vesicles on an erythematous base in the pharynx.
- Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease
- A self-limited febrile syndrome caused by Group A viruses characterized by a pharyngitis with attendant pharyngeal vesicles. A vesicular skin rash also develops on the hands and feet, thus giving the disease its namesake.
- A self-limited syndrome usually caused by Group B viruses characterized by chest pain and occasionally abdominal pain with attendant fever.
- Myocarditis and Acute Pericarditis