Error message

Deprecated function: The each() function is deprecated. This message will be suppressed on further calls in book_prev() (line 775 of /home/pathwa23/public_html/modules/book/book.module).

Calcium and Phosphate Regulation

  • Calcium and Phosphate levels are regulated through the coordinated action of three hormonal systems that include Vitamin D, Parathyroid Hormone (PTH), and Calcitonin. We first discuss the contributions of each hormone to calcium and phosphate regulation independently and then describe how all three hormones are coordinated in an integrated fashion to achieve stable levels of calcium and phosphate.